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Taking a stand to defend female athletics

The Selina Soule & Alanna Smith Stories

Male athletes are dominating girls’ high school track and field events in Connecticut.

Yes. You heard that right.

Two high school male athletes who identify as female have won 15 women’s track championship titles that were once held by nine different girls in the state of Connecticut. Female athletes are being robbed of athletic opportunities, dreams of competing at the next level, and even potential scholarships.

Thankfully, female athletes like Selina Soule and Alanna Smith are taking a public stand against the harmful policies that are allowing this to happen.



Connecticut high school runner Selina Soule lost the opportunity to compete for a spot in the New England regional track meet because two biological males who identify as female competed in her event.


Edged out by males competing as girls

At the 2019 Indoor Track & Field State Championships, Selina finished one place away from qualifying for finals, and the opportunity to compete for a qualifying spot at the New England Regional Championships in the 55-meter dash. The first and second spots in the race were taken by two male athletes. But this wasn’t just a disappointment for Selina. It meant she had to sit on the sidelines instead of competing in front of college scouts!

Had those two biological boys not been allowed to compete, Selina could have qualified to run the 55-meter event at the New England regionals. The biological male who won Selina’s race set a girls’ state indoor record of 6.95 seconds in the 55-meter dash and went on to win the New England titles in both the 55-meter dash and the 300-meter dash.

And then there’s Alanna Smith.



Alanna Smith is talented, and she trains hard. But in the end, she knows that will never be enough if she is forced to compete against males.

Alanna won the 400-meter dash at the 74th New England Interscholastic Track and Field Championships in June 2019 … as a freshman. She has a promising track career in front of her. Fortunately, no male athletes raced in the 400m dash at that meet—though a male athlete did compete in, and win, the 200m dash. Alanna knows that being forced to compete against male athletes could threaten her opportunities to win championship titles and even earn scholarships.

That’s why Selina and Alanna are taking a stand against policies that allow men to compete in women’s sports.


A growing problem

With the help of Alliance Defending Freedom, Selina and Alanna filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education. Now the Department’s Office for Civil Rights has agreed to investigate the situation in Connecticut. The outcome could impact young women nationwide.

This action is an important first step toward justice for girls like Selina and Alanna. But activists will oppose these efforts at every turn. If they get their way, female athletes will soon end up on the sidelines of their own sports.

“It’s very frustrating and heartbreaking when us girls are at the start of the race and we already know that these athletes are going to come out and win no matter how hard you try,” Selina said. “They took away the spots of deserving girls, athletes … me being included.”

Selina and Alanna are just two examples, and this problem is growing. You can help defend Selina and Alanna and other female athletes being forced to compete against males. Read more about their case below.



Selina Soule and Alanna Smith are taking a stand to ensure each of their races takes place on a level playing field.


Is this the end for women’s athletics?

Women’s athletics have made great strides since 1972, when Title IX was passed. Since then, girls have been given many of the same opportunities as their male counterparts.

But now, in schools across our country, those opportunities are being stripped away from female athletes. These girls are losing their spots at high-level competitions. But it’s not because their schools don’t offer their particular sports. And it’s not because they’re not good enough or don’t work hard enough.

It’s because the spots of these female athletes are being taken by biological males who identify as female. And that means these female athletes, who have worked so hard and for so long on their dream, are losing opportunities to compete in front of college scouts.


“Allowing boys to compete in girls’ sports reverses nearly 50 years of advances for women … We shouldn’t force these young women to be spectators in their own sport.”

—ADF Legal Counsel Christiana Holcomb


That’s exactly what happened to Selina and Alanna. And that’s exactly why Alliance Defending Freedom filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights.

We have asked the Department to investigate illegal discrimination against the Connecticut athletes. Ever since the Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference (CIAC) adopted a policy that allows biological males who identify as female to compete in girls’ athletic events, boys have consistently deprived female athletes of honors and opportunities to compete at elite levels.


Crying foul against unfairness

The complaint demonstrates that the CIAC’s policy and others like it pose a concrete threat to Title IX gains.

“Title IX was designed to eliminate discrimination against women in education and athletics, and women fought long and hard to earn the equal athletic opportunities that Title IX provides,” said Alliance Defending Freedom Legal Counsel Christiana Holcomb. “Allowing boys to compete in girls’ sports reverses nearly 50 years of advances for women under this law. We shouldn’t force these young women to be spectators in their own sports.”

As an athlete, it can be disappointing to narrowly miss a goal—to be one spot from medaling or a hundredth of a second from a qualifying time.


Unless flawed new policies are overturned, female athletics could become completely dominated by biological males, robbing girls and women of countless opportunities.


“Selina and her fellow female athletes train countless hours to shave mere fractions of seconds off their race times,” said Holcomb. “They put in that effort in hope of the personal satisfaction of victory, and opportunity to participate in state and regional meets, or a chance at a college scholarship. But girls competing against boys know the outcome before the race even starts: They can’t win. Boys will always have physical advantages over girls; that’s the reason we have women’s sports.”


Threats to women’s athletics across the country

Title IX was designed to ensure that women would receive equal opportunities in education and athletics. But now, biological males are being allowed to compete against girls for scholarship opportunities—and they’re winning. Connecticut isn’t the only place where this is happening.

  • A male high school sprinter qualified for the girls’ finals at the Alaska state track championships.

  • A male college runner won three titles in the Northeast-10 Championships for women’s track and received the Most Outstanding Track Athlete award.

  • A male softball player took one of the 15 spots on his California high school girls’ varsity softball team.

That’s not progress. That’s just plain unfair.



Alanna Smith has worked hard and won a lot of races. But she has many more ahead of her. Allowing male athletes to continue competing against females could seriously jeopardize the future of this rising star.


Challenging these unjust policies takes great courage

Still, many female athletes have been hesitant to speak out. And it’s no wonder why.

Those who dare to question whether biological males should be allowed to compete against females are ridiculed and bullied. Transgender activists lashed out against tennis legend Martina Navratilova when she wrote that a biological man competing as a woman is “cheating.”

Likewise, when Selina, Alanna, and other female competitors have voiced their criticism, they have been portrayed as sore losers.

“Everyone is afraid of retaliation from the media, from the kids around their school, from other athletes, coaches, schools, administrators,” said Selina. “They don’t want to drag attention to themselves, and they don’t want to be seen as a target for potential bullying and threats.”

Since when does speaking the truth make you a sore loser? It is a physiological fact that men and women are built differently. Men have more muscle mass, larger hearts, and higher bone density—making them physically stronger than women.

And, as Navratilova pointed out, “Simply reducing hormone levels—the prescription most sports have adopted—does not solve the problem. A man builds up muscle and bone density, as well as a created number of oxygen-carrying red blood cells, from childhood. Training increases the discrepancy.”

Did you catch that? No amount of training can change the fact that males have a physiological advantage over females in nearly all sports.


“Girls deserve to compete on a level playing field. Forcing female athletes to compete against boys is grossly unfair and destroys their athletic opportunities.”

—ADF Legal Counsel Christiana Holcomb


That’s why we have separate men’s and women’s sports. But somehow, the line between the two is becoming increasingly blurry. If we do nothing, women and girls will soon be forced to become spectators in their own sports.

With your help, Alliance Defending Freedom is determined to keep fighting this injustice by challenging these flawed policies being pushed by school authorities and bureaucrats.

Your gift today will make a vital difference

Alliance Defending Freedom has established a strong record of success standing against unelected authorities and bureaucrats who attempt to rewrite laws and violate the freedom of Americans. But your help is critically needed now. Because, for Selina Soule and many others, the fight is just beginning.

God has shown us time and time again that when we stand together, we can be victorious. But standing for fairness and justice isn’t “someone else’s fight.” It’s your fight. It’s our fight.

Please give generously today to stand with Selina, Alanna, and others like them.


About Alliance Defending Freedom

Alliance Defending Freedom is an alliance-building, nonprofit legal organization that advocates for the right of people to freely live out their faith.

ADF was launched in 1994 by 35 ministry leaders, including Dr. James Dobson, Dr. D. James Kennedy, Dr. Bill Bright, and Larry Burkett.

With God’s favor and blessing, ADF has grown from the prayers of those godly leaders to become a major force in the legal battle for religious freedom, winning nearly 80% of our cases, including 11 victories at the Supreme Court of the United States since 2011.