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Case

City of Bloomfield v. Felix

Last Updated: 5/29/2020

Overview

What's at stake

  • The public display of historical religious monuments by private individuals on government property
  • The preservation of freedom of speech in the face of one "offended" person’s demands for censorship

Summary

In an effort to beautify the city, officials in Bloomfield, New Mexico decided to create a public forum to give private citizens the opportunity to pay for and erect historical monuments on the City Hall Lawn. Eventually a variety of privately-funded monuments were displayed, including monuments containing the Declaration of Independence, Gettysburg Address, Bill of Rights, and the Ten Commandments. Each monument included the name of the donors and explains the displayed document’s significance in America's history.

Two individuals complained that the Ten Commandments monument violated the Establishment Clause of the U.S. Constitution and filed a lawsuit against the City of Bloomfield.

In July 2017, ADF attorneys and co-counsel, Wilmar Cutler Pickering Hale & Dorr LLP, petitioned the U.S. Supreme Court to take up the case. Unfortunately, in October 2017 the high court denied review of the case.

Our role in this case

Alliance Defending Freedom represents the City of Bloomfield, New Mexico in its defense of the monument forum.

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Resources

Legal Documents

Court
Title
Date
{"docs": [{"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Reply brief for petitioner", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---reply-brief-for-petitioner.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "District court decision", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---district-court-decision.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Congressional Prayer Caucus Foundation", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---congressional-prayer-caucus-foundation.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - 23 state attorneys general or governors", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---23-state-attorneys-general-or-governors.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Jews for Religious Liberty", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---jews-for-religious-liberty.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "Complaint", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---complaint.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "Post-trial brief", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---post-trial-brief.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Fraternal Order of Eagles", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---fraternal-order-of-eagles.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "AppellateCourt", "Title": "10th Circuit opinion", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix---v-city-of-bloomfield---10th-circuit-opinion.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - International Conference of Evangelical Chaplain Endorsers", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---international-conference-of-evangelical-chaplain-endorsers.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Ethics and Public Policy Center", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---ethics-and-public-policy-center.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "Stay order", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---stay-order.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Petition for writ of certiorari", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---petition-for-writ-of-certiorari.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "District court answer brief", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---district-court-answer-brief.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Center for Constitutional Jurisprudence, Reason Foundation, and Individual Rights Foundation", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---center-for-constitutional-jurisprudence-reason-foundation-and-individual-rights-foundation.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Wisconsin Institute for Law and Liberty", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---wisconsin-institute-for-law-and-liberty.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - American Center for Law and Justice", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---american-center-for-law-and-justice.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Foundation for Moral Law", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---foundation-for-moral-law.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "AppellateCourt", "Title": "Bloomfield Appellate Order", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix---v-city-of-bloomfield---bloomfield-appellate-order.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Chaplain Alliance for Religious Liberty", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---chaplain-alliance-for-religious-liberty.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:27 PM"}, {"Court": "TrialCourt", "Title": "Notice of appeal", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/felix-v-city-of-bloomfield---notice-of-appeal.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - Center for Islam and Religious Freedom", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---center-for-islam-and-religious-freedom.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}, {"Court": "SupremeCourt", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioner - 24 members of Congress", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/city-of-bloomfield-v.-felix/city-of-bloomfield-v-felix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioner---24-members-of-congress.pdf", "Date": "10/30/2017 6:20:26 PM"}]}

Biographies

David A. Cortman

Senior Counsel, Vice President of U.S. Litigation

David A. Cortman serves as senior counsel and vice president of U.S. litigation with Alliance Defending Freedom.

Jonathan Scruggs

Senior Counsel, Director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives

Jonathan Scruggs serves as senior counsel and director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives with Alliance Defending Freedom.

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