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Case

Brush & Nib Studio v. City of Phoenix

Court: State Supreme Court

Status: Won

Last Updated: 5/29/2020

Overview

Summary

A Phoenix art studio that specializes in hand-painting, hand-lettering, and calligraphy for weddings and other events is challenging a city ordinance that forces the studio’s two owners to use their artistic talents to promote same-sex ceremonies. The ordinance also forbids them from publicly expressing the Christian beliefs that prevent them from doing so and that require them to create art celebrating only marriages between one man and one woman.

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Resources

Legal Documents

Court
Title
Date
{"docs": [
{"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Arizona Supreme Court opinion", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---arizona-supreme-court-opinion.pdf", "Date": "9/16/2019 6:55:06 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Arizona Supreme Court - Appellants' response to amici curiae", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---plaintiffs-appellants-cross-appellees'-response-to-amici-curiae.pdf", "Date": "1/11/2019 5:00:22 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Arizona attorney general and attorneys general of other states", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---arizona-attorney-general-and-attorneys-general-of-other-states.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:46 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Arizona state legislators", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---arizona-state-legislators.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:46 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Ethics and Religious Liberty Commission of the Southern Baptist Convention et al.", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---erlc-et-al.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:46 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - C12 Group", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---c12-group.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:46 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Cato Institute et al.", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---cato-institute-et-al.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:45 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus Brief in support of the petition for review - Center for Religious Expression", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-and-nib-amicus-brief-center-for-religious-expression-10-1-18.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 7:19:43 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Law Professor Adam MacLeod", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---law-professor-adam-macleod.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:45 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - National Center for Law & Policy", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---national-center-for-law-policy.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:44 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Tyndale House Publishers et al.", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---tyndale-house-publishers-et-al.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:45 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Law and economics scholars", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---law-and-economics-scholars.pdf", "Date": "12/20/2018 5:24:45 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Supplemental brief to petition for review", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---supplemental-brief-to-petition-for-review.pdf", "Date": "12/10/2018 4:03:38 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus Brief in support of the petition for review - Arizona state legislators", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-and-nib-amicus-brief-legislators-10-1-18.pdf", "Date": "9/28/2018 7:19:44 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus brief in support of petitioners - Center for Religious Expression", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---amicus-brief-in-support-of-petitioners---center-for-religious-expression.pdf", "Date": "9/28/2018 5:24:45 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus Brief in support of the petition for review - Jewish Coalition for Religious Liberty", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-and-nib-amicus-brief-jewish-coalition-for-religious-liberty-10-1-18.pdf", "Date": "9/28/2018 7:19:43 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Amicus Brief in support of the petition for review - Tyndale House Publishers and National Center for Law & Policy", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-and-nib-amicus-brief-tyndale-house-publishers-10-1-18.pdf", "Date": "9/28/2018 7:19:43 PM"}, {"Court": "State Supreme Court", "Title": "Petition for Review", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-and-nib-v-city-of-phoenix-arizona-supreme-court-petition-for-review-2018-07-09.pdf", "Date": "7/9/2018 2:50:44 PM"}, {"Court": "Appellate Court", "Title": "Arizona Court of Appeals opinion", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---arizona-court-of-appeals-opinion.pdf", "Date": "6/7/2018 8:45:26 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Summary judgment ruling", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---summary-judgement-ruling.pdf", "Date": "10/25/2017 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Appellate Court", "Title": "Arizona Court of Appeals - Appellants’ response to amici curiae", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---appellants-brief-in-response-to-amici-curiae.pdf", "Date": "9/6/2017 5:00:23 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Motion for summary judgment", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---motion-for-summary-judgment.pdf", "Date": "4/13/2017 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Appellate Court", "Title": "Opening brief on appeal", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---opening-brief-on-appeal.pdf", "Date": "3/8/2017 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Notice of appeal", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---notice-of-appeal.pdf", "Date": "9/20/2016 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Trial court ruling denying motion to dismiss and motion for preliminary injunction", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---trial-court-ruling-denying-motion-to-dismiss-and-motion-for-preliminary-injunction.pdf", "Date": "9/19/2016 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Second amended verified complaint", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---second-amended-verified-complaint.pdf", "Date": "07/1/2016 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Motion for preliminary injunction and memorandum in support", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---motion-for-preliminary-injunction-and-memorandum-in-support.pdf", "Date": "5/12/2016 11:37:03 PM"}, {"Court": "Trial Court", "Title": "Complaint", "FileName": "https://adflegal.blob.core.windows.net/mainsite-new/docs/default-source/documents/legal-documents/brush-nib-studio-v.-city-of-phoenix/brush-nib-studio-v-city-of-phoenix---complaint.pdf", "Date": "5/12/2016 11:37:03 PM"}
]}

Biographies

Jonathan Scruggs

Senior Counsel, Director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives

Jonathan Scruggs serves as senior counsel and director of the Center for Conscience Initiatives with Alliance Defending Freedom.


Additional Resources

 

Watch: Create Freely: Brush & Nib Studio

Campaign: Create Freely

James Gottry: The war on wedding vendors is ultimately a war on free thought (The Federalist, 2016-11-03)

James Gottry: How the government should punish Colin Kaepernick’s anti-patriotism (The Federalist, 2016-10-12)

Jonathan Scruggs: Forced speech is un-American (Arizona Republic, 2016-10-10)

Jonathan Scruggs: Brush & Nib suit about artistic freedom (Phoenix Business Journal, 2016-06-03)

Jonathan Scruggs: Phoenix artists sue rather than create art for same sex weddings (Arizona Republic, 2016-06-03)

Video: What are "pre-enforcement challenges"?

Phoenix Municipal Code Section 18-4: Prohibited acts

Phoenix Municipal Code Section 18-7: Penalties

Phoenix Municipal Code Section 18-5: General penalty; continuing violations

Pre-enforcement Challenges Backgrounder

 
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